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 Our Dictionary of Tea Terms
 
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cachar
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "The most common variety of Indian tea, produced in the Cachar district of Assam"

cambric tea
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Hot water, milk, and sugar flavored with tea"

canton
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "A scented China Oolong tea"

case-hardening
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Applies mainly to orthodox teas: when outside casing becomes fully fired and prevents core from losing moisture; bold grape-nutty CTC's are also susceptible to case-hardening"

cation exchange capacity
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "The total number of negatively charged ion sites in a given volume of soil; these may be linked eith to basic ions (e.g. potassioum) or hydrogen ions; as the proportion of hydrogen ions increase so the acidity increases and the pH falls"

catty
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "The Chinese pound = 1 1/3 lbs avoir-dupois. 'catty' or 'kati' is the Malaysian word for a pound"

ceylons
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Both black and green teas are made in Sri Lanka, but the blacks predominate; they are known by the name of the district"

cha
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Ch'a - (Chinese) Tea"

cha tulch
As defined by: The Romance of Tea
   "[Ukers, 1936] In the Indian state of Kashmir [Cashmere], tea prepared by boiling in a tinned copper pot, to which red potash, aniseed and a little salt are added."

chabako
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Japanese for tea chest or box"

chabatake
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Japanese for tea plantation"

cha-no-ki
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Japanese for tea plant"

cha-no-yu
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "'Hot water tea;' Japanese tea ceremony or party"

character
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Desirable quality; also permits recognition of origin"

As defined by: General Information
   "An attractive taste when describing better high elevation growth, and peculiar to origin"

cheesy
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Smell/taint caused by inferior glue of panels"

che-shima
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Principal variety of tea plant from which China and Formosa Oolong teas are made"

chest
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Original tea package; usually made of wood and aluminum lined; India and Ceylon teas are packed in chests, and sometimes in half-chests; other teas come mostly in half-chests. The official London weights are: India chests 118lbs., India half-chests 70 lbs., Ceylon chests 106 lbs., Ceylon half-chests 70 lbs., Congou half chests 64 lbs., Java chests 110 lbs."

chesty
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Resinous smell/taste caused by immature or inferior panels or battens"

As defined by: General Information
   "Inferior or unseasonal packing materials cause this taint"

ch-iri
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "(Japanese) Pan for firing tea"

chloroform test
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "A simple test which is claimed to indicate to potential quality of the tea from a specific plant"

choppy
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Chopped in a breaker mill or cutter rather than in the roller"

As defined by: General Information
   "Orthodox (or Rotovane) manufacture leaf which has to be cut by a 'breaker' during sorting"

chunky
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Brokens which are large; desirable feature when applied to tip"

As defined by: General Information
   "A very large Broken from orthodox manufacture"

chun-mee
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "A grade of Chinese tea with a naturally curling shape"

churned tea
As defined by: The Romance of Tea
   "[Ukers, 1936] Bitter tea (see cha tulch) churned with milk"

As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Bitter tea churned with milk"

clean
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Evenly sorted grade free from quantities of other grades, stalk and fibre"

As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Lacing in character but no unpleasant taint or taste"

As defined by: General Information
   "Leaf which is free from fibre, dust or any extraneous matter"

cline
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "In hybrid plants, the continuous variation from the characteristics of one parent to the characteristics of the other as the proportion of each parent varies"

clone
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "Plants which are all derived from one bush (the mother bush) by a method of vegetative propagation"

cloudy
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Undesirable liquor characteristic"

coarse
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Unpleasant taste"

As defined by: General Information
   "Fibre content"

As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Tea liquor with certain undesirable characteristics, resulting from coarse leaf or irregular firing"

cold fermented
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "East Indian type; controlled fermentation at 70 to 80 degrees for from 2 to 6 hrs, depending on temperature, humidity, and condition of rolled leaf"

cold weather
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Teas produced after monsoons"

collar pruning
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "Pruning a mature tea bush by cutting close to the soil, thereby removing all the frame leaving only the central stem, this is done at infrequent intervals in order to completely renew the frame; recovery inevitably takes longer than the period after a normal maintainance pruning"

color
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Color of liquor, which varies from country to country and district to district"

colory
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Bright, attractive liquor but not necessarily possessing substance"

colour
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "(self-explanatory)"

coloury
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Depth of colour"

As defined by: General Information
   "Indicates useful depth of colour and strength"

common
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "plain"

As defined by: General Information
   "A very plain, light and thin liquor with no distinct flavour"

congou
As defined by: A Time For Tea
   "Originally from 'kung-fu,' 'hard work,' term coined for good black teas from China; North China Congous were known as black-leaf Congous, and as English Breakfast teas; good North Chinas included Keemuns, Ningchows, and Ichangs, which were even called Chinese Burgundies (ragged in appearance but full in the cup, with a rich aroma); poorer quality North China teas were called Monings; these teas came out of Shanghai. South China Congous generally came out of Fuzhou, and were also known as Foochow Congous, or China clarets, friskier than northerners; Paklums, Paklings and Panyongs were supposed to be the best; Souchongs were black teas, the word meant 'small sort' in Chinese, and at the time (mid-19th century) described excellent small leaf teas; by the turn of the century, souchong meant quite the opposite, 'da cha,' big tea."

As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "A general term used to describe all China blacks, irrespective of district"

contamination
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Foreign taste"

conversion efficiency
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "The proportion of solar radiation intercepted by leaves which is converted to new dry matter by photosynthesis"

coppery
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "(self-explanatory) - denotes good tea"

As defined by: General Information
   "Bright leaf which indicates a well manufactured tea"

As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Bright 'new penny' infusion from good quality, well-manufactured black tea"

cover crop
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "A low growing, often spreading, often annual, crop grown all over a field before planting; this protects the soil against erosion and may provide some shelter for young tea plants"

cream
As defined by: General Information
   "A precipitate obtained after cooling"

cream tea
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "'vumah cha,' Turkestan; a boiled decoction of black tea to which cream is added in the making"

creaming down
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "A milky film rising to the surface of the tasting cup, accompanied by a thickening of the liquor, in certain high-grade teas; believed to be caused by precipitation of the tannin and caffeine"

creamy
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Precipitate obtained after cooling"

crepy
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Crimped appearance"

As defined by: General Information
   "A crimped appearance common with the larger grade brokens from orthodox manufacture, such as BOP"

crop factor
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "The ration of the water loss by transpiration from a crop to the water loss from an open water surface under the same meteorological conditions; for many crops providing complete coverage of the soil surface by vegetation the crop factor is close to 0.85"

croppy
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Bright and creamy with character"

crow's foot
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "A knot in an upper stem of a tea bush where a number of new flushes have formed from the same height after successive plucking rounds"

ctc machine
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "CTC stands for crush, tear, curl; this machine was devised in India and consists of two toothed rollers which move at different speeds in opposite directions; the leaf moves continuously between the rollers. Ths machine produces smaller pieces than the orthodox roller"

cups per lb.
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Average, black tea, 200 cups; green tea, 150 cups; tea tasters average 160 cups"

curly
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Opposed to wiry"

As defined by: General Information
   "The leaf appearance of whole leaf grade orthodox teas such as OP as opposed to winy"

cut
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Synonymous with choppy"

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