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 Our Dictionary of Tea Terms
 
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baggy
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Taint from hessian or sacking"

As defined by: General Information
   "A taint normally resulting from unlined hessian bags"

bai-cha
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "The Chinese name for tea produced from large buds that are covered with fine silver hairs; literally white tea"

bakey
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Caused by high temperature during firing"

As defined by: General Information
   "An over-fired liquor; tea in which too much moisture has been driven off"

balling
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "The aggregation of macerated leaf into lumps or balls during rolling or fermentation"

ban-cha
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "The Japanese name for a low grade sen-cha (q.v.) style tea made from old leaves"

banjhi
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "The dormant phase of the cyclical growth pattern of tea; also applied to the dormant bud at the apex of a dormant shoot (an Assamese word)"

banji
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Hindi for "sterile," two leaves without a bud or dormant bud"

banking
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "In testing teas, the retention in the drained leaf of considerable liquor which may only be squeezed out"

bari
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "A planting or orchard of tea plants which are allowed to grow without pruning to produce seed (an Assamese word)"

basket-fired
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Japan tea which has been cured in baskets by firing"

batti wallahs
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Hindi men in charge of tea driers"

benztropolone
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "An organic compound characterized by an unsaturated seven-membered ring, bearing a hydroxyl and a carbonyl substituent, fused to a benzene ring; the structural feature of theaflavin pigments found in black tea"

bheel
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "A soil consisting entirely, or mainly, of peat; often a drained swamp (an Assamese word)"

billy tea
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Tea made by the Australian bushmen in a billy, or cylindrical tin vessel with separate lid and wire bail"

biscuity
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Pleasant characteristic"

As defined by: General Information
   "A pleasant aroma often found in well fired Assams"

bitter tea/cha tulch
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Tea prepared in Kashmir by boiling in a tinned copper vessel, adding red potash, aniseed, and salt, and serving from a teapot of brass or copper, tin lined; also the 'seen cha' of Turkestan; an ordinary four minute infusion of green tea"

black
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Tea which has been allowed to ferment as opposed to green tea; also describes colour"

As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Oxidized leaves; an undesirable characteristic"

As defined by: General Information
   "A black appearance is desirable, preferably with 'bloom'. This term is used with Orthodox or Rotorvane manufacture"

black currant
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Aroma emitted by black currant bushes - noticed in some Darjeelings"

blackish
As defined by: General Information
   "This is a satisfactory appearance for CTC and LTP manufacture teas and denotes careful sorting"

blister
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Blistering of leaf caused by too rapid removal of moisture"

blistered
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Leaf which is swollen and hollow inside; blisters are formed in the firing of leaf which has been too rapidly dried in the first fire"

bloom
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Sheen or luster"

As defined by: General Information
   "A sign of good manufacture and sorting (where the reduction of leaf has mainly taken place before firing). A sheen which has not been removed by over-handling or over-sorting"

body
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Possessing fullness and strength"

As defined by: General Information
   "A liquor having both fullness and strength, as opposed to being thin"

bohea
As defined by: A Time For Tea
   "In the 17th Century, anglicised name for hills where black tea was grown, eventually used for both black and green teas, and, finally, used as a name for teas of poorest quality"

bold
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Pieces of leaf that are too big for a grade"

As defined by: General Information
   "Particles of leaf which are too large for the particular grade"

As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Large leaf which could with advantage have been cut smaller"

bouquet
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Superlative flavour"

brassy
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Metallic taste"

break
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Tea sale term meaning a 'lot,' a large break consists of 18 chests or more, and a lesser quantity is known as a small break"

breaking back
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "The operation of removing thick or knotted stems to a level below the plucking table in order to stimulate the growth of new stems"

bright
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Opposed to dull"

As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Lively as oppsed to dull"

As defined by: General Information
   "A lively bright appearance; usually indicates bright liquors"

As defined by: General Information
   "Denotes a lively fresh tea with good keeping quality"

As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Sparkling red liquor; denotes good tea which has life as opposed to a dull-looking infused leaf or liquor"

bringing into bearing
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "The sequence of operations necessary to form the plucking table at the correct height on a newly planted bush"

brisk
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Opposed to flat or soft"

As defined by: General Information
   "The most 'live' characteristic; results from good manufacture"

As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "'Live' not flat liquor, usually of pungent character"

broken
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Broken by rolling or passing through a cutter"

broken orange pekoe, & pekoe
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Mechanical separations of teas, comprising the smaller leaves and broken parts with tips"

broker
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "A tea broker is one who negotiates the sale of tea from one dealer to another for the consideration of a brokerage from the seller"

brown
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Describes colour"

As defined by: General Information
   "A brown appearance, with CTC and LTP manufacture, normally reflects too hard treatment of the leaf"

brownish
As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "Leaf which is brown in color, generally resulting from firing under-withered tea at too high a temperature, or poor plucking; however, some tippy teas have a brown leaf which is desirable"

burn
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Fully fired"

burnt
As defined by: Calcutta Tea Traders Association
   "Subjected to extremely high temperatures"

As defined by: General Information
   "Extreme over-firing"

As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "A taste of burnt organic matter in the liquor and similar smell in the infused leaf is a characteristic of teas that have been fired at too high a temperature, usually during the second firing"

As defined by: Ukers Tea and Coffee Trade Journal
   "A taste of burnt organic matter in the liquor and similar smell in the infused leaf is a characteristic of teas that have been fired at too high a temperature, usually during the second firing"

bushi
As defined by: Tea: Cultivation to Consumption
   "The Japanese word for the Samurai warrior, the governing class of Japan from the 13th to 19th century"

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